Ice, Snow, And Low Visibility: What You Need To Know About Driving In Winter
Driving can be hazardous at the best of times but winter is especially bad.
Conditions are often poor, making it harder to keep your vehicle on the road, see other drivers and keep your distance.
Ice, snow and low visibility are three of the most common issues of winter driving but they aren’t the only ones you need to know about.
We’ve explained the key problems you can face on the roads in winter and highlighted what you can do to tackle them.
Ice and snow
Ice and snow is one of the top causes of accidents on the roads during winter, with some legal firms suggesting it may even be the number one hazard for drivers during the holiday season.
It doesn’t take much effort to see why ice and snow is such an issue. Vehicle tyres need steady and consistent ground to be able to move properly and these two things make roads slippery and wild.
There are a couple of things you can do to mitigate the threat that comes from ice and snow.
Firstly, you can drive in a higher gear than you would normally do at specific speeds. This makes it more difficult for your tyres to spin and lose traction, as your engine will operate below its peak torque level.
Secondly, you can invest in winter tyres. These have deeper grooves and a softer compound, improving the traction and grip when driving on ice and snow.
So, if you’re driving on roads affected by ice and snow, take the proper precautions to make sure you can drive safely.
Visibility is vital to using a vehicle. It’s part of your driving test and with good reason — if you can’t see properly then you may drive into something or someone, causing a (potentially) fatal accident. This is why low visibility is such a problem during winter.
Winter causes low visibility because it creates radiation fog. This happens when the earth cools at night, leading to cold air at the surface being cooled by thermal radiation. This leads to condensation and winter fog.
Fog is a huge problem for drivers because it cuts down their ability to plan ahead, meaning they brake later than they should due to being unable to see an obstruction as early as they normally would.
The simple solution to the low visibility that comes naturally during winter is to make sure your fog lights are in good condition.
You can do this yourself by carrying out an eye test. However, it’s a good idea to get a mechanic to look at your lights, as they’ll be in a better position to advise if there’s a safety issue and to install new ones — if this is necessary.
Chilly air is one of the most recognisable parts of winter, alongside frost, snow and ice. But the low temperature doesn’t just cause people to invest in a warm coat, it also leads to stronger winds and this can be dangerous when you’re driving.
Wind strength increases during winter because of the uneven heating of the earth’s surface. This leads to higher temperature gradients, the result of which is stronger winds.
There are two main reasons why faster winds are a driving hazard.
The first is that it can blow objects into your lane, such as knocking over trees. The second is that it can push your vehicle, causing you to lose control and shift from your lane into another.
It’s difficult to fight against winter winds. Naturally, the larger your vehicle the lower the risk of it being affected by a gale. But not everyone can upgrade their vehicle for a bigger one during the winter seasons.
One thing you can do to reduce the threat of strong winds is to lower your speed. This gives you more time to anticipate problems, so you can react to them quicker and take the appropriate action to stop them from becoming an issue.
Promoting safe driving in winter (and all other times)
Regardless of weather, bad driving is the biggest cause of accidents.
There are so many ways people can drive badly, such as getting behind the wheel when you’re tired or stepping into a new vehicle and not giving yourself the time to adjust to it.
However, the three main causes of bad driving are harsh braking, taking corners too sharply, and speeding. All of these things increase your chances of having an accident, particularly during winter months.
Tracking is an ideal way to promote safer driving and you can do this by getting a telematics device installed in your vehicle. This is software that records driver performance data, showing you if you’re driving too quickly, taking corners too sharply or braking too harshly.
There are a couple of ways to do this.
Firstly, if you’re driving your own vehicle you can have a black box installed as part of your insurance package. Not only does this allow you to see where you can make improvements to your driving but it can also reduce your premiums, as it allows your insurance provider to see how safely your vehicles are being driven.
Secondly, if you’re driving a work vehicle, some fuel cards provided by employers include the integration of a telematics device. Providing access to analytics that show driver performance and fuel usage, it records how you drive and gives you and your boss the data you need to see if you can take steps to be a safer driver, something that could save not just your life but the lives of others too — during winter, spring, summer, and autumn.
Ice, snow, low visibility, and strong winds are some of the biggest causes of accidents during winter, with each making it harder to drive. But the biggest issue is an all weather problem.
Whatever the conditions, there’s simply no substitute for driving safely.
This doesn’t mean monitoring how quickly you drive, how sharply you take corners, and how harshly you brake removes the need to take the steps we’ve outlined to deal with ice, snow, low visibility and strong winds. Far from it.
But if you keep an eye on how you’re driving, take the necessary steps to be a safer driver and combine this with the other advice we’ve given you then you’ll be much less likely to have an accident.